PARTS OF AN MLA STYLE MANUSCRIPT
MLA Style requires that manuscripts include the following sections, in the following order:
  • Header material (Author name(s), affiliation, submission information, paper title)
  • Body of the paper
  • List of Works Cited

COVER PAGE (FOR ARTICLES SUBMITTED TO BLIND REVIEW PROCESS)
Cover or title pages are not required for MLA Style Research Papers.


If your publisher or instructor requests a cover page, follow the guidelines outlined in their request.


GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BODY OF THE PAPER

ILLUSTRATIONS

First Page. Quotes & Headers. Bibliography.
Click to enlarge the illustrations

PAPER

Always use a good quality white bond paper for your essay.

FONT or TYPEFACE

Use an easily readable "serif" font (such as Palatino, Courier, or Times New Roman) in 12 point size.
SPACING BETWEEN SENTENCES
In the past, it was recommended that you type two spaces following the end of a sentence. More and more writers, however, are now typing only one space after the period (or other punctuation at the end of a sentence). Either one or two spaces is now acceptable (unless your instructor indicates a preference for one or the other); make certain, however, that the spacing between sentences is consistent throughout your paper.

PAGE HEADERS

1/2 inch from the top of each page, include a header, with the author's last name, and the page number.

HEADER INFORMATION (AUTHOR NAME, INSTRUCTOR, COURSE, DATE)

1 inch from the top of the page, type the author name, instructor, course, and date; double space.

PAPER TITLE

Double space after typing the header information, and type the title, centered. Capitalize all significant words in the title.

LINE SPACING

Double space all portions of the paper body. This means you should leave a full line between each line of text in the paper.

Footnotes or endnotes should be single spaced, with two spaces between each endnote.

PARAGRAPH INDENTATION

Paragraphs in the body of the paper should be indented 5 spaces, or about 1/2 inch.

MARGINS

The margins for your paper should be uniform on all sides, set to at least 1" or 2.54 cm on all sides: top, bottom, left and right. Line length for each typed line should be no more than 6.5" (16.51 cm), and the maximum number of lines of text per page is 27.

TEXT ALIGNMENT

Set the text alignment to "Left," so that the right edge of the text on the page is uneven.

SECTION HEADINGS

Section headers are not necessary for MLA style, but sometimes help your readers follow the organization of a discussion.

If you use section headers, use them consistently, and make them reflect the organization of your discussion.

QUOTATIONS

For short quotations (less than 40 words):
A quotation of less than 40 words should be enclosed in double quotation marks and incorporated into the sentence.
For long quotations (more than 40 words):
Longer quotations should be set apart from the surrounding text, without quotation marks, in block format, indented 1 inch (or ten spaces) from the left margin, and double spaced.

If the quotation is more than one paragraph, indent the first line of the second paragraph about 1/2 inch (5 spaces).

Quotations within a quotation:
In block quotations, use double quotation marks to indicate that a phrase is a direct quote. For shorter quotations, use single quotation marks.
Material removed from a quotation:
Sometimes it is necessary, for brevity, to remove a portion of a paragraph.

Use an ellipsis to indicate that a portion of the quotation has been omitted: three periods with spaces before and after when the words have been omitted in the middle of a sentence, four periods (with spaces before and after) when the end of a sentence has been left out.

Material inserted into the quotation:
Sometimes it is necessary, for clarity, to insert a word into a direct quotation.

Use square brackets [like this] to highlight words that have been added to the quotation by someone other than the original author.

Remember that all quotations, as well as paraphrased text from your research materials must be properly cited.


DOCUMENTING SOURCES
CITING SOURCES IN THE BODY OF YOUR RESEARCH PAPER
Recommended method of documenting sources.
The recommended method of documenting sources for MLA style research papers uses parenthetical cites in the body of paper, consisting of the author's last name, and the specific page on which the cited material is located. Notice how the parenthetical citations "refer" to an entry in the List of Works Cited.

Sample parenthetical citations with a List of Works Cited.

Parenthetical references should include the author(s) last name and the specific page on which the cited material is located, as illustrated in this paragraph:
Nothing seemed so certain as the results of the early studies (Smith 445). It was precisely this level of apparent certainty, however, which led to a number of subsequent challenges to the techniques used to process the data (West and Peters 879). There were a number of fairly obvious flaws in the data: consistencies and regularities that seemed most irregular, upon close scrutiny (Data Darning 884; Wills, Ork and Ilis 457).


Works Cited
Data Darning. San Francisco: Association of Concerned Scientist, 2002. Smith, Michael R. "Cooking the Data." Citizen Science Monitor 8.2(2003): 430-478. West, Alice M., and James Peters. A Study of Certainty: Taking Another Look at the Marriage of Business and Science. New York: Preston Press, 2003. Wills, O. E., Felix Ork, and William Ilis. "Testing the Basics of Data Analysis." New Culture Gazette 2 (2004): 424-460.

ENTERING RECORDS IN CITATION TO PREPARE THE LIST OF WORKS CITED
The list below provides you with examples of MLA Citations for different types of works. You can use this list to find an example for the type of work you need to cite.

SEARCH

Browse the list below, or use the search box to find an example of a specific type of work:
ExactMatch


1. MLA 5.6.1. Book by a single author
2. MLA 5.6.2. Anthology or compilation
3. MLA 5.6.3. Two or more books by the same author
4. MLA 5.6.4a. A book by two or more authors
5. MLA-5.6.4b A book by two or more authors (three authors)
6. MLA-5.6.4c More than three authors
7. MLA-5.6.6a A book by a corporate or institutional author, numbered
8. MLA-5.6.6b A book by a corporate or institutional author
9. MLA-5.6.7a A work in an anthology
10. MLA-5.6.7b Article reprinted in anthology
11. MLA-5.6.8a An article in a reference work, unsigned
12. MLA-5.6.8b An article in a reference work, signed
13. MLA-5.6.8c An article in a multivolume reference work
14. MLA-5.6.9 An introduction, preface, afterword or epilogue
15. MLA-5.6.11a An anonymous (unsigned) book - guidebook
16. MLA-5.6.11b An anonymous (unsigned) book - dictionary
17. MLA-5.6.12a An edition
18. MLA-5.6.13 A translation
19. MLA-5.6.14 A book published in a second or subsequent edition
20. MLA-5.6.15a A multivolume work, cited as a complete work
21. MLA-5.6.15b A multivolume work, edited
22. MLA-5.6.16 A book in a series
23. MLA-5.6.17 A republished book
24. MLA-5.6.18 A publisher's imprint
25. MLA-5.6.19 A book with multiple publishers
26. MLA-5.6.20 A pamphlet
27. MLA-5.6.21a A government publication, Agency, GPO
28. MLA-5.6.21b A government publication, Congressional Record
29. MLA-5.6.22 The published proceedings of a conference
30. MLA-5.6.23 A book in a language other than English
31. MLA-5.6.24 A book published before 1900
32. MLA-5.6.25 A book without stated publication information or pagination
33. MLA-5.6.26 An unpublished dissertation
34. MLA-5.6.27 (A Published Dissertation); dissertation, published
35. MLA-5.7.01 An article in a scholarly journal with continous pagination
36. MLA-5.7.02 An article in a scholarly journal that pages each issue separately
37. MLA-5.7.03 An article in a scholarly journal that uses only issue numbers
38. MLA-5.7.04 An article in a scholarly journal with more than one series
39. MLA-5.7.05 An article in a newspaper
40. MLA-5.7.06a An Article in a Magazine
41. MLA-5.7.06b An Article in a Magazine on disjunct pages
42. MLA-5.7.07 A review
43. MLA-5.7.08 An abstract in an abstract journal
44. MLA-5.7.09 An anonymous article
45. MLA-5.7.10a An editorial, unsigned
46. MLA-5.7.10b An editorial, signed
47. MLA-5.7.11 A letter to the editor
48. MLA-5.7.12 (A Serialized Article); article, serialized
49. MLA-5.7.13a A Special Issue of a Journal
50. MLA-5.7.13b A special issue of a journal, edited
51. MLA-5.7.14 An article in a microform collection of articles
52. MLA-5.8.01 A television or radio program
53. MLA-5.8.02 A sound recording
54. MLA-5.8.03a A Film or Video Recording
55. MLA-5.8.03b A film or video recording
56. MLA-5.8.04 A performance
57. MLA-5.8.05a A musical composition, unpublished
58. MLA-5.8.05b A musical composition, published
59. MLA-5.8.06 A painting, sculpture, or photograph
60. MLA-5.8.07 An interview
61. MLA-5.8.08a A chart
62. MLA-5.8.08b A map
63. MLA-5.8.09a A cartoon
64. MLA-5.8.09b A cartoon
65. MLA-5.8.10 an advertisement published in a magazine
66. MLA-5.8.11 Speech or address
67. MLA-5.8.11a A reading
68. MLA-5.8.12 An unpublished manuscript
69. MLA-5.8.13 A memo
70. MLA-5.8.13a A letter, unpublished, historical document
71. MLA-5.8.13b A letter, published in a collection
72. MLA-5.8.13c A letter to the author of a paper
73. MLA-5.9.01b ELectronic sources, essay available at an online electronic text center
74. MLA-5.9.01c Electronic sources, book, available at an online electronic text center
75. MLA-5.9.02 Electronic text center
76. MLA-5.9.02a An online scholarly project or information database
77. MLA-5.9.02 Professional or personal site
78. MLA-5.9.02 A document within a scholarly project or information database
79. MLA-5.9.02 Professional or personal site
80. MLA-5.9.02c Professional or personal site
81. MLA-5.9.03b An online book within a scholarly project
82. MLA-5.9.03c A part of an online book
83. MLA-5.9.04a Online periodicals: article in a scholarly journal online
84. MLA-5.9.04a Online periodicals: article in a scholarly journal, based on print source
85. MLA-5.9.04b Online periodicals: article in a newspaper or on a newswire
86. MLA-5.9.04c Online periodicals: editorial
87. MLA-5.9.04d Online periodicals: a review
88. MLA-5.9.04e Online periodicals: an abstract
89. MLA-5.9.04h Online periodicals: a letter to the editor
90. MLA-5.9.05a A non-periodical publication on CDRom, diskette, or magnetic tape
91. MLA-5.9.05a Material from a periodically published database on CD-ROM

MLA 1. Book by a single author (5.6.1)
Theresa James, Environmental Law and Ethical Fences (New York: Beacon, 1999). James, Theresa. Environmental Law and Ethical Fences. New York: Beacon, 1999.
MLA 2. Anthology or compilation(5.6.2)
Kay Deaux and Brenda Major, "A Social-Psychological Model of Gender," Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Difference, ed. Deborah L. Rhode (New Haven: Yale UP, 1990) 89-100. Deaux, Kay, and Brenda Major. "A Social-Psychological Model of Gender." Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Difference. Ed. Deborah L. Rhode. New Haven: Yale UP, 1990. 89-100.
MLA 3. Two or more books by the same author (5.6.3)
Warren Lentz, Along the Amazon: A Photographic Journal (New York: Preston, 2003). Warren Lentz, Three Trees (New York: Preston, 2000). Lentz, Warren. Along the Amazon: A Photographic Journal. New York: Preston, 2003. ---. Three Trees. New York: Preston, 2000.
MLA 4. A book by two or more authors (5.6.4a)
Daniel F. Faroi and Marie S. Anderson, Historical Views of Hysteria: A Series of Case Reviews (New York: Blane Press, 2001). Faroi, Daniel F., and Marie S. Anderson. Historical Views of Hysteria: A Series of Case Reviews. New York: Blane Press, 2001.
MLA 5. A book by two or more authors (three authors) (5.6.4b)
Jules Misé, Marc A. Rudôn, and Patrick R. Stein, Heretical Art in 16th Century England, ed. and trans. Georgiana Marks and Peter Wilson (London: Methaneon, 2001) 327-84. Misé, Jules, Marc A. Rudôn, and Patrick R. Stein. Heretical Art in 16th Century England. Ed. and Trans. Georgiana Marks and Peter Wilson. London: Methaneon, 2001. 327-84.
MLA 6. More than three authors (5.6.4c)
Peter Evans, et al., The Astronomical Timetable (New York: Preston Press, 2002). Evans, Peter, et al. The Astronomical Timetable. New York: Preston Press, 2002.
MLA 7/8. A book by a corporate or institutional author, numbered (5.6.6a)
Aguidar Bureau of Statistics, Rural and Urban Birthrate Statistics, no. 53.9877 (Iswari, Asina-Waall Province: Aguidar Bureau of Statistics, 2001). Aguidar Bureau of Statistics. Rural and Urban Birthrate Statistics. No. 53.9877. Iswari, Asina-Waall Province: Aguidar Bureau of Statistics, 2001.
MLA 7/8. A book by a corporate or institutional author (5.6.6b)
City of Columbus, Cycling the Scioto (City of Columbus, 1999). City of Columbus. Cycling the Scioto. City of Columbus, 1999.
MLA 9. A work in an anthology (5.6.7a)
Melissa Elba, "The Demon Deal," trans. Alaster Aarn, An Island Treasury: Tales from the Ilduor Islands, ed. Mina Moira (New York: Preston, 2002) 24-25. Elba, Melissa. "The Demon Deal." Trans. Alaster Aarn. An Island Treasury: Tales from the Ilduor Islands. Ed. Mina Moira. New York: Preston, 2002. 24-25.
MLA 10. Article reprinted in anthology (5.6.7b)
Izbeka Dashell, "Legal Lexiconography," Cultural Commons 8 (1998): 372-91, rpt. in Courtrooms in Folklore (New York: Preston, 1999), 322-409. Dashell, Izbeka. "Legal Lexiconography." Cultural Commons 8 (1998): 372-91. Rpt. in Courtrooms in Folklore. New York: Preston, 1999. 322-409.
MLA 11. An article in a reference work, unsigned (5.6.8a)
"Venice," The Encyclopedia Americana, 2003 ed. "Venice." The Encyclopedia Americana. 2003 ed.
MLA 12. An article in a reference work, signed (5.6.8b)
Marie Jenson, "Taxation," Encyclopedia of Legislative Landmarks (New York: Preston, 2001) 425-556. Jenson, Marie. "Taxation." Encyclopedia of Legislative Landmarks. New York: Preston, 2001. 425-556.
MLA 13. An article in a multivolume reference work (5.6.8c)
Theresa E. Williams, "Black Monday," Annotated History of the Financial Marketplace, ed. Beatrice James and Peter M. Moore, vol. 3 (New York: Preston, 2001) 425-556, 3 vols. Williams, Theresa E. "Black Monday." Annotated History of the Financial Marketplace. Ed. Beatrice James and Peter M. Moore. Vol. 3. New York: Preston, 2001. 425-556. 3 vols.
MLA 14. An introduction, preface, afterword or epilogue (5.6.9)
Eleanor R. Burgess, afterword, The Accomplice, by Alexandra Miro (New York: Signature Press, 2001) 344. Burgess, Eleanor R. Afterword. The Accomplice. By Alexandra Miro. New York: Signature Press, 2001. 342-50.
MLA 15. An anonymous (unsigned) book - guidebook (5.6.11a)
Guide to Jazz Houses in Europe (London: Little and Long, 2001). Guide to Jazz Houses in Europe. London: Little and Long, 2001.
MLA 16. An anonymous (unsigned) book - dictionary (5.6.11b)
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th edition (Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1998). Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 10th edition. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1998.
MLA 17. An edition (5.6.12a)
John Locke, Two Treatises of Government, ed. Peter Laslett, 1690 (London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988). Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. 1690. Ed. Peter Laslett. London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.
MLA 18. A translation (5.6.13)
Christa Wolf, The Quest for Christa T., trans. Christopher Middleton (New York: Farrar, Strauss, Giroux, 1979). Wolf, Christa. The Quest for Christa T.. Trans. Christopher Middleton. New York: Farrar, Strauss, Giroux, 1979.
MLA 19. A book published in a second or subsequent edition (5.6.14)
John Baker, An Introduction to Legal History, 2nd ed. (London: Butterworths, 1990). Baker, John. An Introduction to Legal History. 2nd ed. London: Butterworths, 1990.
MLA 20. A multivolume work, cited as a complete work (5.6.15a)
Peter T. Thorens, Western Civilization, 32 vols. (Boston: Brighton, 1982). Thorens, Peter T. Western Civilization. 32 vols. Boston: Brighton, 1982.
MLA 21. A multivolume work, edited (5.6.15b
George Meredith, The Letters of George Meredith, ed. C. L. Cline, 3 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970). Meredith, George. The Letters of George Meredith. Ed. C. L. Cline. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.
MLA 22. A book in a series (5.6.16)
Wayne C. Lewis, Agriculture in the Yucatan, Studies in World Agriculture (New York: White, 1954). Lewis, Wayne C. Agriculture in the Yucatan. Studies in World Agriculture. New York: White, 1954.
MLA 23. A republished book (5.6.17)
Margaret Atwood, Surfacing (1972; New York: Fawcett, 1987). Atwood, Margaret. Surfacing. 1972. New York: Fawcett, 1987.
MLA 24. A publisher's imprint (5.6.18)
Eric Redmund, ed., Dictionary of New Slang, 3 vols. to date (Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1995-). Redmund, Eric, ed. Dictionary of New Slang. 3 vols. to date. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1995-.
MLA 25. A book with multiple publishers (5.6.19)
Francis Reingold, Dark Camps, ed. Ann Flinders, 3rd ed., 1944 (London: Preston, 2002), New York: White. Reingold, Francis. Dark Camps. 1944. Ed. Ann Flinders. 3rd ed. London: Preston; New York: White, 2002.
MLA 26. A pamphlet (5.6.20)
Best Museums: New York City (New York: Trip Builder, 1993). Best Museums: New York City. New York: Trip Builder, 1993.
MLA 27. A government publication, Agency, GPO (5.6.21a)
U.S. Dept. of State. Bureau of Intelligence & Research, Internal Guidelines, publication N1244 (Washington: GPO, 1999). U.S. Dept. of State. Bureau of Intelligence & Research. Internal Guidelines. Publication N1244. Washington: GPO, 1999.
MLA 28. A government publication, Congressional Record (5.6.21b)
Congressional Record 7 Feb. 1973: 3831-51. Congressional Record 7 Feb. 1973: 3831-51.
MLA 29. The published proceedings of a conference (5.6.22)
Anne M. Bayer, ed., Midwifery and the Law, Proceedings of the 7th Annual Meeting of the Women's Health Organization (Marion: Evondale, 1985). Bayer, Anne M., ed. Midwifery and the Law. Proceedings of the 7th Annual Meeting of the Women's Health Organization. Marion: Evondale, 1985.
MLA 30. A book in a language other than English (5.6.23)
Christa Wolf, Nachdenken Über Christa T. [The quest for Christa T.] (Halle: Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 1968). Wolf, Christa. Nachdenken über Christa T. [The quest for Christa T.]. Halle: Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 1968.
MLA 31. A book published before 1900 (5.6.24)
John Locke, Two Treatises of Government, ed. Peter Laslett, 1690 (London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988). Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. 1690. Ed. Peter Laslett. London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.
MLA 32. A book without stated publication information or pagination (5.6.25)
Aristotle, The Politics, trans. Benjamin Jowett, ed. Steven Everson (London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988). Aristotle. The Politics. Trans. Benjamin Jowett. Ed. Steven Everson. London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.
MLA 33. An unpublished dissertation (5.6.26)
Mary B. Roberts, "Land Use and the Law," diss., University of Illinois, 2001. Roberts, Mary B. "Land Use and the Law." Diss. University of Illinois, 2001.
MLA 34. A Published Dissertation (5.6.27)
Maria S. Sabo, Christa Wolf: The Art of Silent Insurrection, diss. U Michigan, 1998, Studies in Culture and Conflict 26 (New York: Weston Press, 2000). Sabo, Maria S. Christa Wolf: The Art of Silent Insurrection. Diss. U Michigan, 1998. Studies in Culture and Conflict 26. New York: Weston Press, 2000.
MLA 35. An article in a scholarly journal with continous pagination (5.7.01)
Eric Wolf, "Distinguished Lecture: Facing Power," American Anthropologist 92 (1990): 586- 96. Wolf, Eric. "Distinguished Lecture: Facing Power." American Anthropologist 92 (1990): 586-96.
MLA 36. An article in a scholarly journal that pages each issue separately (5.7.02)
Janet R. Siebert, "Sailing for Profit: A Slippery Enterprise," Sport Finance 8.2 (2001): 11-53. Siebert, Janet R. "Sailing for Profit: A Slippery Enterprise." Sport Finance 8.2 (2001): 11-53.
MLA 37. An article in a scholarly journal that uses only issue numbers (5.7.03)
Edward E. Garr, et al., "Ritual Hygiene: A Mèlaño Example," Quarterly Review 9 (1957): 223-24. Garr, Edward E., et al. "Ritual Hygiene: A Mèlaño Example." Quarterly Review 9 (1957): 223-24.
MLA 38. An article in a scholarly journal with more than one series (5.7.04)
Andrew Foosin, "Native American Populations in 2000," Population Anthropology 3rd ser. 8 (2002): 351-99. Foosin, Andrew. "Native American Populations in 2000." Population Anthropology 3rd ser. 8 (2002): 351-99.
MLA 39. An article in a newspaper (5.7.05)
Robert Reinhold, "Illegal Aliens Hoping to Claim Their Dreams," New York Times November 3 1986: A1, A10. Reinhold, Robert. "Illegal Aliens Hoping to Claim Their Dreams." New York Times November 3 1986: A1, A10.
MLA 40. An Article in a Magazine (5.7.06a)
Jean B. Sader, "Wearing Books: Intellectualism as a Fashion Statement," Cultural Trends April 2001: 225-354. Sader, Jean B. "Wearing Books: Intellectualism as a Fashion Statement." Cultural Trends April 2001: 225-354.
MLA 41. An Article in a Magazine (5.7.06b)
James H. Miller, "The Next Interpretation of Nothing," Cultural Trends April 2001: 8+. Miller, James H. "The Next Interpretation of Nothing." Cultural Trends April 2001: 8+.
MLA 42. A review (5.7.07)
Henry T. Trueba, rev. of Beyond Language: Social and Cultural Factors in Schooling Language Minority Students, ed. Marian Wilson, Anthropology and Education Quarterly 17 (1986): 255-59. Trueba, Henry T. Rev. of Beyond Language: Social and Cultural Factors in Schooling Language Minority Students. Ed. Marian Wilson. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 17 (1986): 255-59.
MLA 43. An abstract in an abstract journal (5.7.08)
Whitney L. Myers and Peter B. Jones, "Cholinoceptive Pyramidal Cells," Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 42 (1999): 320. Myers, Whitney L., and Peter B. Jones. "Cholinoceptive Pyramidal Cells." Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 42 (1999): 320.
MLA 44. An anonymous (or unsigned) article (5.7.09)
"The Indian Homeland," U.S. News and World Report 8 July 1991: 27-28. "The Indian Homeland." U.S. News and World Report 8 July 1991: 27-28.
MLA 45. An editorial, unsigned (5.7.10a)
"The Good Soldier," editorial, New York Times 17 August 2001, Eastern, B: 13-14, 28. "The Good Soldier." Editorial. New York Times 17 August 2001, Eastern: B: 13-14, 28.
MLA 46. An editorial, signed (5.7.10b)
Linda Beales, "Just Say "Whatever"," editorial, Wall Street Gazette Jan. 23 2002, A14. Beales, Linda. "Just Say "Whatever"." Editorial. Wall Street Gazette Jan. 23 2002: A14.
MLA 47. A letter to the editor (5.7.11)
Mary J. Arlin, letter, Medicine and Culture 72 (2003): 1101. Arlin, Mary J. Letter. Medicine and Culture 72 (2003): 1101.
MLA 48. A Serialized Article (5.7.12)
Lena Argos, "The Traffic in Children," Kultur Politik 73 (2002): 103-21, 244-65. Argos, Lena. "The Traffic in Children." Kultur Politik 73 (2002): 103-21, 244-65.
MLA 49. A Special Issue of a Journal (5.7.13a)
Literary Evolution, spec. iss. of Cultural Digest 8.4 (2001): 225-94. Literary Evolution. Spec. iss. of Cultural Digest 8.4 (2001): 225-94.
MLA 50. A special issue of a journal, edited (5.7.13b)
Eleanor Beasley, ed., The New Logic, spec. iss. of Journal of Contemporary Philosophy 9.6 (2001). Beasley, Eleanor, ed. The New Logic. Spec. iss. of Journal of Contemporary Philosophy 9.6 (2001).
MLA 51. An article in a microform collection of articles (5.7.14)
Jennifer Winters, "Environmentally Friendly School Ratings 1998-2000," Land Chronicle 22 Dec. 2001: 33, BioNews 18: fiche 4, grids b2-112002. Winters, Jennifer. "Environmentally Friendly School Ratings 1998-2000." Land Chronicle 22 Dec. 2001: 33. BioNews: 2002 18: fiche 4, grids b2-11.
MLA 52. A television or radio program (5.8.01)
Bruce Lott and Sara Hope Frank, prod., The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, television broadcast (New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service, Sept. 10 2001). The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. Prod. Bruce Lott and Sara Hope Frank. Public Broadcasting Service, New York and Washington, DC. Sept. 10 2001.
MLA 53. A sound recording (5.8.02)
Duke Ellington, cond. Duke Ellington Orch., First Carnegie Hall Concert, LP, 23 Jan. 1943 (Prestige, 1977). Ellington, Duke, cond. Duke Ellington Orch. First Carnegie Hall Concert. Rec. 23 Jan. 1943. LP. Prestige, 1977.
MLA 54. A Film or Video Recording, emph. on director (5.8.03a)
Reginald Ellis, dir., The Man Who Had Everything, with Andrew Winslow, Mary Markham and Ed Wells, actors (BBC, 1943). The Man Who Had Everything. Dir. Reginald Ellis. Perf. Andrew Winslow, Mary Markham and Ed Wells. BBC, 1943.
MLA 55. A film or video recording (5.8.03b)
One for the Money, dir. Emily Axelson, prod. Irene Mendelson (United States: Siren Screens, 2001). One for the Money. Producer. Irene Mendelson. Dir. Emily Axelson. Siren Screens, United States, 2001.
MLA 56. A performance (5.8.04)
Beethoven's Night Out, perf. Stanley Jacobs, Lisa Monahan and Iris Fern, dir. James Desmond (Neyorikan Theatre, Philadelphia, 4 Mar. 2003). Beethoven's Night Out. Dir. James Desmond. Perf. Stanley Jacobs, Lisa Monahan and Iris Fern. Performance. Neyorikan Theatre, Philadelphia. 4 Mar. 2003.
MLA 57. A musical composition, unpublished (5.8.05a)
Petro S. Giovanni, Symphonie Oblique, op. 1. Giovanni, Petro S. Symphonie Oblique, op. 1.
MLA 58. A musical composition, published (5.8.05b)
Ludwig van Beethoven, Symphony No. 8 in F, Op. 93, 1812 (New York: Dover, 1989). Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No. 8 in F, Op. 93. 1812. New York: Dover, 1989.
MLA 59. A painting, sculpture, or photograph (5.8.06)
Lola Petrini, Morning Watch, 1942, Lee Allan Collection, Chicago. Petrini, Lola. Morning Watch. 1942. Lee Allan Collection, Chicago.
MLA 60. An interview (5.8.07
Pietra Land, "A Conversation with Pietra Land" (interview by Beth Wright (Antioch, 3 May 2001)), New Culture Journal 3.2 (2001): 150-62. Land, Pietra. "A Conversation with Pietra Land" (interview by Beth Wright (Antioch, 3 May 2001)). New Culture Journal 3.2 (2001): 150-62.
MLA 61. A chart (5.8.08a)
Ecological Safeguards, chart (Boston: Preston, 2002). Ecological Safeguards. Chart. Boston: Preston, 2002.
MLA 62. A map (5.8.08b)
Washington, map (Chicago: Rand, 1995). Washington. Map. Chicago: Rand, 1995.
MLA 63. A cartoon (5.8.09a)
Cynthia Neals, cartoon, Mystery News 7 Apr. 2002: 87. Neals, Cynthia. Cartoon. Mystery News 7 Apr. 2002: 87.
MLA 64. A cartoon (5.8.09b)
Vivian Ernst, "Political Culture," cartoon, Broad Street Daily [Waynesburg] 17 June 2002: 12. Ernst, Vivian. "Political Culture." Cartoon. Broad Street Daily [Waynesburg] 17 June 2002: 12.
MLA 65. An advertisement published in a magazine (5.8.10)
"Traveling Light by SisterSeams," advertisement, Pilgrim's Post May 2002: 44. Traveling Light by SisterSeams. Advertisement. Pilgrim's Post May 2002: 44.
MLA 66. Speech or address (5.8.11)
Mary S. Andrews, "Making the Grade: Student Art," Forum on Academic Standards, remarks (Meeting of the Commission on Cultural Progress, Nov. 12 1999). Andrews, Mary S. "Making the Grade: Student Art." Forum on Academic Standards. Remarks. Meeting of the Commission on Cultural Progress. Nov. 12. 1999.
MLA 67. A reading (5.8.11a)
Elizabeth Fisher, Reading of Shakespeare's Measure for Measure (Saint Agatha Library, New York, 28 May 2001). Fisher, Elizabeth. Reading of Shakespeare's Measure for Measure. Saint Agatha Library, New York. 28 May. 2001.
MLA 68. An unpublished manuscript (5.8.12)
Geoffrey Chaucer, Harley Ms. 7334, The Canterbury Tales Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Harley ms. 7334. British Lib., London.
MLA 69. A memo (5.8.13)
Jonathan Beales, Memo to the Chemistry dept faculty, West High, Feb. 13, 2000. Beales, Jonathan. Memo to the Chemistry dept faculty, West High. Feb. 13 2000.
MLA 70. A letter, unpublished, historical document (5.8.13a)
Percy Bysche Shelley, Padua, to Mary Wollenstonecraft Shelley, Este, 22 September, 1818, transcript in the hand of Mary Wollenstonecraft Shelley, Special Collections, Joseph Regenstein Library, University of Chicago, Chicago. Shelley, Percy Bysche, Padua, to Mary Wollenstonecraft Shelley, Este. 22 September 1818. Transcript in the hand of Mary Wollenstonecraft Shelley. Special Collections, Joseph Regenstein Library, University of Chicago, Chicago.
MLA 71. A letter, published in a collection (5.8.13b)
Elinor Marlboro, "On Beauty and Courtship," letter 458, Courtly Correspondence, ed. Alan A. Petringer (Boston: Hartford, 1603). Marlboro, Elinor. "On Beauty and Courtship." Letter 458. Courtly Correspondence. Ed. Alan A. Petringer. Boston: Hartford, 1603.
MLA 72. A letter to the author of a paper (5.8.13c)
Adrian Moore, letter to the author (7 July 2003). Moore, Adrian. Letter to the author. 7 July 2003.
MLA 73. Electronic sources, essay available at an online electronic text center (5.9.01b)
Library of Congress, "The Gramophone," Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 2002, American Memory Historical Collections for the Natl Digital Library, 7 Aug. 2002 . Library of Congress. "The Gramophone." Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry. 2002. American Memory Historical Collections for the Natl Digital Library. 7 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 74. Electronic sources, book, available at an online electronic text center(5.9.01c)
Willa Cather, My Ántonia, ed. Charles Mignon, (University of Nebraska Press, 1994). Electronic Text Center. 2000, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, 7 Aug. 2002 . Cather, Willa. My Ántonia. Ed. Charles Mignon. University of Nebraska Press, 1994. Electronic Text Center. 2000. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries. 7 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 75. Electronic Text Center site (5.9.02)
Electronic Text Center, ed. Katherine L. Walter, Brian Pytlik Zillig, and Agnes Adams. 1999, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, 7 Aug. 2002 . Electronic Text Center. Ed. Katherine L. Walter, Brian Pytlik Zillig, and Agnes Adams. 1999. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries. 7 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 76. An online scholarly project or information database (5.9.02a)
Jerry Goldman and Northwestern University, The Oyez Project: US Supreme Court Multimedia Database, 1996-2002, Northwestern University, 7 Aug. 2002 . Goldman, Jerry, and Northwestern University. The Oyez Project: US Supreme Court Multimedia Database. 1996-2002. Northwestern University. 7 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 77. Professional or personal site (5.9.02)
Department of Astronomy Home Page, 25 March 2002, The Ohio State University, Dept of Astronomy, 5 Aug. 2002 . Department of Astronomy Home Page. 25 March 2002. The Ohio State University, Dept of Astronomy. 5 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 78. A document within a scholarly project or information database (5.9.02)
William H. Rehnquist, "Memo to John W. Dean III," The Oyez Project: US Supreme Court Multimedia Database, ed. Jerry Goldman. 1 Apr. 1969, Northwestern University, 7 Aug. 2002 . Rehnquist, William H. "Memo to John W. Dean III." The Oyez Project: US Supreme Court Multimedia Database. Ed. Jerry Goldman. 1 Apr. 1969. Northwestern University. 7 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 79. Professional or personal site (5.9.02)
Angela Malaya, Home Page, 16 May 2001 . Malaya, Angela. Home Page. 16 May 2001 .
MLA 80. Professional or personal site (5.9.02c)
Michael Quinion, World Wide Words, 3 August 2002 . Quinion, Michael. World Wide Words. 3 August 2002 .
MLA 81. An online book within a scholarly project (5.9.03b)
Henry Gray, Anatomy of the Human Body, ed. Warren H. Lewis, 1918), 20th Ed. 2000. Lea & Febiger, Bartleby.Com, 7 Aug. 2002 . Gray, Henry. Anatomy of the Human Body. Ed. Warren H. Lewis. 20th ed. Lea & Febiger: Philadelphia, 1918. 2000. Bartleby.Com. 7 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 82. A part of an online book (5.9.03c)
Allan Cunningham, "The Sun Rises Bright in France," The Oxford Book of English Verse, ed. Arthur Quiller-Couch, 1919. 2000, Bartleby.Com, 5 Aug. 2002 . Cunningham, Allan. "The Sun Rises Bright in France." The Oxford Book of English Verse. Ed. Arthur Quiller-Couch. 1919. 2000. Bartleby.Com. 5 Aug. 2002 .
MLA 83. Online periodicals: an article in a scholarly journal online (5.9.04a)
Kenneth R. Mercer, "The Matter at Hand: Chaos is Nothing,". Atomic Psychology 6 (2001): Article056a, 21 December 2001 . Mercer, Kenneth R. "The Matter at Hand: Chaos is Nothing." Atomic Psychology 6 (2001): Article056a. 21 December 2001 .
MLA 84. Online periodicals: an article in a scholarly journal, based on print source (5.9.04a)
Joseph P. Lessing, "The Physics of Cultural Magnets,". Journal of Anthropological Studies 8 (2001): 273-99, July 3, 2002 . Lessing, Joseph P. "The Physics of Cultural Magnets." Journal of Anthropological Studies 8 (2001): 273-99. July 3, 2002 .
MLA 85. Online periodicals: an article in a newspaper or on a newswire (5.9.04b)
"Lever Act Passed,". Bolton Field Gazette Online 3 Mar. 2003, 4 Apr. 2003 . "Lever Act Passed." Bolton Field Gazette Online 3 Mar. 2003. 4 Apr. 2003 .
MLA 86. Online periodicals: editorial (5.9.04c)
Alan Beringer, "The Wall-Mart Effect,". Scope 3 June 2003, 4 June 2003 . Beringer, Alan. "The Wall-Mart Effect." Scope 3 June 2003. 4 June 2003 .
MLA 87. Online periodicals: a review (5.9.04d)
Adriana Wells. Culture Crossing 10.3 3 Jan. 2003: 15, Rev. of The Politic Body: Party Surgery, by J. Eli, 2 May 2003 . Wells, Adriana. Rev. of The Politic Body: Party Surgery, by J. Eli. Culture Crossing 10.3 3 Jan. 2003: 15. 2 May 2003 .
MLA 88. Online periodicals: an abstract (5.9.04e)
Ann Swidler and Jorge Arditi, "The New Sociology of Knowledge,". Annual Review of Sociology 20 (1994): 305-29, Abstract, October 15, 1997 . Swidler, Ann, and Jorge Arditi. "The New Sociology of Knowledge." Annual Review of Sociology 20 (1994): 305-29. Abstract. October 15, 1997 .
MLA 89. Online periodicals: a letter to the editor (5.9.04h)
Ian Messer, "The Turkish Connection,". Political Times 22.3 1 June 2003: 2, Letter to the Editor, 2 June 2003 . Messer, Ian. "The Turkish Connection." Letter to the Editor. Political Times 22.3 1 June 2003: 2. 2 June 2003 .
MLA 90. A non-periodical publication on CDRom, diskette, or magnetic tape (5.9.05a)
Agatha Braunmuller, ed., Women and Science, Rel. 2, CD-Rom (London: Weston Press, 2003). Braunmuller, Agatha, ed. Women and Science. Rel. 2. CD-Rom. London: Weston Press, 2003.
MLA 91. Material from a periodically published database on CD-ROM (5.9.05a)
Alan Moldor, "Taking Stock: A New Way to Look at Corporate Culture," NY Times 14 Dec. 2001, late ed.: G4, New York Times Ondisc, CD-ROM, UMI-Proquest. Moldor, Alan. "Taking Stock: A New Way to Look at Corporate Culture." NY Times 14 Dec. 2001, late ed.: G4. New York Times Ondisc. CD-ROM. UMI-Proquest.